It's easy to get all the reform efforts and science standards confused. This describes the science efforts and a few of the others.
3 Science Standards
General Reform Efforts
Please consider this a working document.
1986 AAAS begins Project 2061.
1989 Project 2061 publishes "Science for All Americans" and five panel reports.
1992 NSTA publishes "Scope, Sequence, and Coordination" (2 volumes).
1993 Project 2061 publishes "Benchmarks for Science Literacy".
1994 Goals 2000 act is signed into law, charging government agencies to change education.
1995 NAS/NRC publication of Science Standards expected.
Science for All Americans: A Project 2061 Report on
Literacy Goals in Science, Mathematics, and Technology
(1989) is the overview of five panel reports (Biology/Health,
Math, Physical/Information/Engineering, Social/Behavioral, and
Technology) on the essential science concepts all students should
Benchmarks for Science Literacy (1993) provides guidance on what to teach at different grade levels.
For information on ordering, contact:
the American Association for the Advancement of Science
1333 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20005
Scope, Sequence, and Coordination Project
The National Science Teachers Association started an effort to reform science education in grades 6-12. The project defines concepts to be covered in increasing depth at each grade level, rather than the traditional separation and sequence of subjects.
For information on ordering the two volumes, contact:
National Science Teachers Association
Scope, Sequence, and Coordination
1742 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20009
National Science Standards (draft, 1994)
The (National Academy of Science) National Research Council's National Committee on Science Education Standards and Assessment (Chairman: Richard Klausner; Director: Angelo Collins) has been working with groups and individuals across the country to develop national standards. The office is:
Milton Harris Building, HA 486
2001 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
(Washington, DC 20418)
FAX (202) 334-1294
Opportunity to review the latest draft (thick blue book, November 1994) ended in February. The final document is anticipated late in 1995.
Goals 2000: Educate America Act
There are, of course, others reform efforts. Some are subject-specfic, such as for math or history. Others are general. Efforts exist from national to state to local levels. I'll list 'em as I run across 'em.
Go (back) to the Astronomer's Education Notebook or Elizabeth Roettger's Homepage.
Created 14 March 1995, last revised 15 June 1997by Elizabeth E. Roettger, email@example.com